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Get checked – men

Learn more about how to reduce your cancer risk

A cancer prevention plan for men

Finding cancer early improves your chances of successful treatment and long-term survival.

Look for:

  • lumps, sores or ulcers that don't heal
  • unusual changes in your testicles – changes in shape, consistency or lumpiness
  • coughs that don't go away or show blood, a hoarseness that persists
  • weight loss that can't be explained
  • moles that have changed shape, size or colour, or bleed, or an inflamed skin sore that hasn't healed
  • blood in a bowel motion
  • persistent changes in toilet habits
  • urinary problems or changes.

These symptoms are often related to more common, less serious health problems. However, if you notice any unusual changes, or these symptoms persist, visit your doctor.

Prostate cancer detection

The cause of prostate cancer is not known and there is no single, simple test to detect prostate cancer. Prostate cancer may be suspected if a blood test to check your prostate specific antigen (PSA) level is above normal levels for your age.

If you have no symptoms and are thinking about having a PSA test, consider the risks and benefits. You need to balance the benefit of detecting a prostate cancer early against the risk that detection and treatment may not be necessary. Treatment may affect your lifestyle including sexual function, but may also save your life.

Make your own decision about whether to be tested after discussion with your doctor. Ensure you get good quality information to make an informed decision. 

Do you need the PSA test? Find more information here.

Changes in your testicles

Although testicular cancer is rare, it is one of the most common cancers in men aged between 15 and 45. It is also one of the most curable cancers if found early.

The causes of this cancer are unclear, but men who have had an undescended testicle are at increased risk. Be aware of what is normal for you and if you see or feel any changes, see your doctor. Don't let embarrassment get in the way.

Ask about screening for bowel cancer

Early detection of bowel cancer greatly improves chances of successful treatment. Your risk of bowel cancer increases with age. If you are over age 50, you should be tested for bowel cancer every two years.

The National Bowel Screening Program, using FOBT, is offered free to all Australians aged 50-74 every two years. Cancer Council urges all eligible Australians to participate. Screening kits usually arrive within six months of your birthday.

Some people have known risk factors that put them at increased risk. If you do, your doctor will talk to you about regular surveillance.

Ways to reduce your cancer risk

Remember, if you have any concerns or questions, please contact your doctor.

Find out more

Other useful websites

Australian Prostate Cancer Collaboration

National Bowel Cancer Screening Program

Information Line 1800 118 868

For information about treating specific cancers visit: